Community Building theory
Definition: According to Phillips and Pittman (2009), community building refers to activities pursued by a community in order to increase the social capacity of its members. In the words of Gardner (1993), community building involves “the practice of building connections among residents, and establishing positive patters of individual and community behavior based on mutual responsibility and ownership.”
Application: The idea of “time banks” is based on the same theory. Time banks connect community members through the common ground of helping each other, while helping themselves. As a results the community members building connections with each other at the same time establishing positive patters of community behavior based on mutual need and responsibility, while at the same time increasing the social capacity.
Adaption: Community building theory could be adopted by school teachers to empower its students and take ownership. For example, teachers could encourage students to connect with others to accomplish a class project by synthesizing each others strengths through planning, strategizing and contributing to produce a quality product that will give them pride to take ownership.