Developmental Approach

Define: this model emphasizes the need to “expand human potential or add to the quality of life, rather than to correct a problem or overcome deficiency” (Homan, 2008, p. 62). Consequently, this approach is solution-focused, as it seeks to foster positive conditions for growth on a micro, mezzo, and macro level.

Apply: The tendency for many organizers and workers is to analyze the problem and concerns found within the community. This is evident as many initial surveys focus on the problems or concerns of residents or what they lack. More frequently, a needs assessment is conducted within the community in an effort to collect statistics regarding the identified problems of the residents. However, from a developmental approach, instead of a problem-solving approach, community organizers would survey residents’ thoughts concerning possible solutions, strengths, and capabilities of individuals within the community. Therefore, the aim of the organizer would be to foster growth within the community after recognizing the assets of the community. Thus, if 40% of the population within the community have obtained a degree in business, it may be helpful to provide education and workshops to other members within the community if they are interested in entrepreneurship. This is a proactive and preventative approach when dealing with communities, rather than reacting to problems or lack of resources.

Adapt: Many scholastic programs also use a developmental approach as they seek to cultivate the personal growth of individuals. A large majority of scholastic programs that work with minorities and other oppressed groups tend to be reactive in their approach, but programs that are developmental seek to nurture and identify the capabilities of youth as well as provide them with an opportunity to demonstrate their gifts. For example, a performing arts curriculum may be formed within a scholastic program for children who sing, dance, and act. Therefore, these programs create opportunities that will develop or enhance the strengths found within youth so that they are able to achieve their personal goals

1 comment:

  1. Adaption: K-12 curriculum should be changed in order to be more inclusive of various topics. For example, we now live in within a globalized society. Therefore, it is important that our children are exposed to different cultures and histories. This will help them become more comprehensive individuals that will promote positive change. For this same reason, public institutions of higher education should have a diverse student population to ensure a positive learning environment.