Definition: Social planning is a process to develop policies, plans, and programs for human services. Practitioners work in public or private settings; in functional areas such as health, housing, or welfare; and in territories ranging from neighborhood to nation. (Checkoway, 196) Apply: Social planning can be applied to community development work by providing a framework for the interactional role of social workers and community organizers in applying their knowledge and expertise in developing plans or programs specific to the community that they are working with. Additionally, social planning provides community organizers with an approach for mobilizing resources and generating support for community development projects. While traditionally, social planning does not entail strategic planning, practices and skills borrowed from political strategy, such as building coalitions and selecting tactics, can potentially be utilized as well to enhance the effectiveness of social planning efforts. Adapt: Social planning can be used in an urban planning setting to assess the social impacts of land use. In this context, social planning would be used more as an analytical tool with an emphasis more on technical research, objective data collection and fact finding, as opposed to interactional relationships.