Definition: Organizational planning is a guide for one specific organization to define its roles and activities as it build sufficient strengths to achieve its goals. While the processes and products of organizational and community planning are similar, the focus is different: organizational planning is "internal" and set on the "micro level." (Murphy, 154-155) Apply: Organizational planning can be utilized in community development when a community is going through a social or economic transition, such as the current recession. With changes in community conditions, community organizers may need to rethink their approach, and therefore engage in organizational planning, to determine how they will move forward given the new circumstances. Adapt: Organizational planning can be utilized in public health to effectively deal with an organizational transition (such as welcoming a new executive director). In this situation, organizational planning can be utilized by the organization to reassess the organizational structure and to make strategic choices with respect to the process of transitioning from one director to another.